The golden age:
Indian emperors of the Gupta dynasty reunited northern India about 320. Gupta territory eventually extended to what is now Afghanistan in the northwest and to the Vindhya mountains in the south. The Gupta Empire, which lasted until about 500, is often referred to as India's "golden age." Indian art, literature, mathematics, philosophy, and science achieved great heights under the Guptas, especially during the reign of Chandragupta II, who ruled from about 375 to about 415. India's most famous dramatist and poet, Kalidasa, wrote works of great charm and beauty in this period. The finest frescoes at Ajanta were also painted at this time, and many Hindu temples were built. A system of medicine called Ayurveda also developed about this time.
Times | The Aryans |
| Invasions by the Persians and the greek | The golden Age | Southern India |
| Period of Invasions | The Mughal Empire | The Europeans |
| East India Company | Indian Rebellion | Rise of Indian Nationalism |
| The Constitution | World War II | Independence and Partition |
| Mahatma Gandhi | Recent Developments |